Geography & Climate 2012-12-12 17:35

Tianjin is located at the center of Bohai rim economic zone, northeast of North China Plain, between 38°34’N—40°15’N and 116°43’E—118°04’E, belonging to 8th eastern international time zone. Total administrative region covers an area of 11,760 km2, about 120 km to Beijing, the capital of China. Tianjin is a significant transportation hub and a sea port in north China.

Located on the east coast of mid-latitude Euro-Asia Continent and mainly influenced by monsoon circulation, Tianjin is an area full of East Asian monsoon, and has sub-humid continental monsoon climate. In average, its annual precipitation is 520mm to 660mm, 85% of which in summer and autumn, sunshine time between 2,500 –2,900 hours and average wind speed of 2.3 meters per second. Its annual average temperature is between 11.4℃—12.9℃. The coldest time is January, with an average temperature of -3℃—-5℃, while the hottest in July, with average temperature of 26℃—27℃. The colorful, fresh and bright autumn is the best season in the whole year, thus the best time to visit and enjoy your holiday in Tianjin.

Tianjin enjoys a rich supply of land resources, including farming land 7,067 km2 and non-farming land 3,487 km2. The water resources in Tianjin are relatively inadequate. The initiatives of diverting water from the Luanhe River and Yellow River to Tianjin, Sea Water Desalination and South-to-North Water Diversion Project have effectively relieved its want of water. Tianjin possesses rich mineral resources falling into 35 types (45 subtypes), in which, Manganese and Boron were not only first discovered in Tianjin, but also very rare in the world. Fuel mines here include petroleum, natural gas and coal-formed gas, etc, mainly imbedded in the plain area and the Bohai Continental Shelf. The energy resources exploited include Bohai Oil Field and Dagang Oil Field. The terrestrial heat resources in Tianjin underground are widely available, the area where terrestrial heat is supplied in Tianjin accounts for 50% of the total in China. Tianjin is also a major source of sea salt, ac-counting for 10% of the total output in China.